Cognition refers to thoughts and knowledge, in contrast to emotion.
Cognition is the conscious or unconscious aspect of behaviour
and reactions, which consists of perception, experience, memory,
reasoning and learning. Cognitive control is the control we
exercise over our way of perceiving and thinking.
In the StressLogosEros model, we have cognitive control in the
two logos states, in which the emotions are not very strong.
Logos is a reasoning that seeks to be realistic and objective.
One logos state is primarily about problem solving, and the other
about creativity. When our emotions become strong, as in the
stress and eros states, we cannot think rationally. The four
states are each important in their own way.
Your thoughts have vital significance for your well-being and
how you get on with other people.
It is not just the situations you are exposed to that have significance,
but your evaluation of each situation and your assessment of
whether you can handle it. These considerations depend on your
experiences, and are thus quite individual. One could call it
learned information processing. By constantly working with your
attitudes and evaluations, you can improve this process.
Our thoughts can be automatic, or controlled. The former arise
without our conscious awareness and control. They can take place
in parallel with other processes, for example, when we do something
routine. They are thoughts that simply run through our heads.
In contrast, controlled thoughts require conscious awareness
and mental effort.
They can only arise in turn with other activities.
Your negative automatic thoughts must be brought to light and
dealt with by your controlled thoughts. You should simply appreciate
your positive automatic thoughts. Here are some of the many names
recognition, ideas, impressions, intuitive thoughts, perception,
self-perception, thought patterns, opinions, views, visions,
assumptions, presumptions, interpretations, theories, fantasy,
fancy, ideologies, attitudes, basic attitudes, philosophies,
spirit of the times, information, values, reflections, analyses,
problem-solving thoughts, plans, rules and dogmas, requirements,
threats, obsessions, concerns, fears, delusions, frustrations,
faith, superstition, lies, memories, day dreams and dreams.
Take time out sometime to reflect on how fantastically complex
our thinking is (and we have new negative and positive thoughts
It is not that surprising that we can run into problems: for
example, we can ask, how many thoughts have you, I and everyone
else had, which might be inappropriate for us, and how many are
Fortunately, we also have a great potential in our thinking to
work out how to live a meaningful life.
In the description of the four states in the StressLogosEros
model, you can read about four different ways of thinking.